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King William's Town,South Africa

King William's Town is City/Area of Eastern Cape, Latitude: -32.8803, Longitude: 27.3945

King William’s Town is a town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa along the banks of the Buffalo River. The town is about 60 kilometres northwest of the Indian Ocean port of East London. King William’s Town is the second most populous city in the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, with a population near 100,000 inhabitants.

History
The area was for thousands of years roamed by Bushman bands, and was then used as grazing by the nomadic Khoikhoi, who called the Buffalo River by Qonce. Xhosa people first settled there in the mid- to late 17th century.

The town was founded by Sir Benjamin d’Urban in May 1835 during the Xhosa War of that year, the town stands on the site of the kraal of the minor chief Dyani Tyatyu and is named after William IV. It was abandoned in December 1836, but was reoccupied in 1846 and was the capital of British Kaffraria from its creation in 1847 to its incorporation in 1865 with the Cape Colony. Uniquely in the Cape Colony, its local government was styled a borough, rather than a municipality. Many of the colonists in the neighbouring districts are descendants of members of the British German Legion disbanded after the Crimean War and provided with homes in Cape Colony; hence such names as Berlin, Braunschweig, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Potsdam and Stutterheim given to settlements in this part of the country.

King William’s Town was originally declared the provincial capital of the surrounding Adelaide District in the 1830s. On 5 May 1877, the Cape Government of Prime Minister John Molteno opened the first railway, connecting the town to East London on the coast and to the Xhosa lands inland and further east. With its direct railway communication, the town became an important entrepôt for trade with the Xhosa people throughout Kaffraria.

The area’s economy depended on cattle and sheep ranching, and the town itself has a large industrial base producing textiles, soap, candles, sweets, cartons and clothing. In recent years, its proximity to the new provincial capital city of Bhisho has brought much development to the area since the end of apartheid in 1994.

The provincial government recently[when?] announced that they plan to rename the town with a traditional African name, as the current name bears colonial connotations.

The town is also home to Huberta, one of the farthest-travelling hippopotami in South Africa. It is preserved in the Amathole Museum in the King Williams Town CBD.

Notable people
Steve Biko, anti-apartheid Black Consciousness Movement leader was born here
Charles Patrick John Coghlan, first premier of Rhodesia was born here
Buster Farrer, former international cricket, tennis and hockey player
Garry Pagel, former South African rugby union player was born here
John Tengo Jabavu, founder of the first Xhosa-language newspaper in South Africa
Griffiths Mxenge, anti-apartheid activist
Victoria Mxenge, anti-apartheid activist
Steve Tshwete, anti-apatheid activist
Makhaya Ntini, former South African Test cricketer
Raven Klaasen, professional tennis player
Lukhanyo Am, South African Rugby union team player
References
“Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)” (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
Jump up to: a b c d “Main Place King William’s Town”. Census 2011.
Burman, Jose (1984), Early Railways at the Cape. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, p.83. ISBN 0-7981-1760-5
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). “King William’s Town”. Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 822.
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